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Hand Foot and Mouth Disease: A Detailed Review


Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness that mainly affects infants and children under the age of five. It is characterized by a rash on the hands, feet, and mouth, along with fever and general malaise. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention of HFMD.


The main symptoms of HFMD include:

  • Rash: Small red spots or sores on the hands, feet, and inside the mouth
  • Fever: Usually low-grade, but can sometimes be high
  • Malaise: General feeling of being unwell


HFMD is caused by several different viruses, most commonly the Coxsackie virus. The virus is spread through close personal contact, such as coughing, sneezing, or touching contaminated surfaces.


There is no specific treatment for HFMD, as it is a viral illness. However, symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers, plenty of fluids, and rest. It is important to consult a healthcare provider if symptoms worsen or if there are any complications.


Preventing HFMD involves practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently, avoiding close contact with infected individuals, and disinfecting contaminated surfaces. There is also a vaccine available for some strains of the virus.

Pros Cons
Easy to diagnose No specific treatment
Most cases resolve on their own Can be uncomfortable

„HFMD is a common childhood illness that is usually mild and self-limiting. However, it is important to seek medical advice if symptoms persist or worsen.“